Shanghai or “Hu” for short, is a renowned international metropolis located on the estuary of Yangtze River, and serves as the most influential economic, financial, international trade, cultural, science and technology center in East China. Additionally, it is a popular destination for visitors to experience the pulse of China.
The city’s modern, multicultural flair, endows it with a unique glamour. Shanghai has a perfect blend of cultures: modern and traditional; western and oriental. New skyscrapers along with old Shikumen together create the skyline of the city. Western customs and Chinese traditions intertwine to form Shanghai’s culture, making visitors’ stay in the city truly memorable.
Shanghai is the most populous city in China and one of the largest urban areas in the world, with over 20 million people in its extended metropolitan area. Located on China’s central eastern coast at the mouth of the Yangtze River, the city is administered as a municipality of the People’s Republic of China with province-level status.
Spring and autumn are the best months to visit Shanghai. The peak summer months (July and August) can be searingly hot with temperatures above 95°F (35°C) and 80 percent humidity. Most of Shanghai’s rain also falls during this time. September and October can be windy, with the odd typhoon. In winter, evening temperatures often drop below zero (32°F).
Shanghainese, sometimes referred to as the Shanghai dialect, is a dialect of Wu Chinese spoken in the city of Shanghai, and the surrounding region. It is classified as a Sino-Tibetan language. Shanghainese, like other Wu dialects, is largely not mutually intelligible with other Chinese dialects such as Standard Mandarin, or even other sub-branches of the Wu language group.
Shanghai has the busiest transport hub in eastern China. As an important financial and business center of China it has highly developed infrastructure, including a convenient public transportation network. Visitors can get to Shanghai through its two international airports. The Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport located in the western suburbs of the city and the Shanghai Pudong International Airport. For rail transportation, Shanghai has four main railway stations: the Shanghai Railway Station, South Railway Station, West Railway Station and Hongqiao Railway Station. Several national highways and four expressways pass through the city, making long-distance buses a convenient way to travel. More than 1,000 routes are served by 40 long-distance bus stations.
Shanghai’s location on the estuary of the Yangtze River and midpoint of China’s north-south coastline, is the world’s third largest port and China’s largest seaport. Ships sailing from Shanghai Port voyage to some 500 ports in over 160 countries and regions all over the world.
Shanghai Port International Cruise Terminal
Located at the North Bund Area in the Hongkou District near downtown, this terminal has been under construction since 2004, and can accommodate three†luxurious†passenger liners at the same time.
Wusong Passenger Transport Center
This is an important passenger port with many domestic sea routes in operation. The Wusong Passenger Transport Center has regular departures for neighboring areas like Nantong City of Jiangsu Province, Dinghai, Shengsi, Zhoushan, and Mt. Putuoshan area of Zhejiang Province, as well as some cities along the Yangtze River.
Shanghai has the world’s largest public transportation system handling the largest daily volume of passengers. And a high-density road network makes overland transportation a breeze. Taxis, city buses, and sightseeing buses take visitors to all parts of the city.
All of these public transport tools can be accessed using the Shanghai Public Transportation Card .The Shanghai Metro rapid-transit system and elevated light rail has 11 lines and extends to every core urban district as well as neighboring suburban districts such as Songjiang and Minhang. It is one of the fastest-growing systems in the world – the first line opened in just 1995.
The magnetic suspended train went into operation on January 1, 2003. This line starts at Longyang Road Station of the Subway Line 2 and ends at the Pudong International Airport. It takes only 7 Ω minutes to cover the whole trip.
Taxis in Shanghai are plentiful and market competition has driven taxi fare down to affordable prices for the average resident Taxis are a fast and convenient to get around Shanghai.
Ferries offer convenient shuttle service across the Huangpu River, allowing visitors to avoid crowded bridges and tunnels while appreciating the river scenery. Additionally ferryboats are available between the mainland and its three islands of Chongming, Changqing and Hengsha.
Best Time to Visit
The best time to visit Shanghai is from October to November. This short autumn season boasts comfortable temperatures and lacks the crowds and rain showers of summer – the peak tourism season. Winter travelers can encounter chilly weather, making urban exploration less enjoyable.